AGV (Unmanned Vehicle) is a subdivided category in the industrial robot industry. It is equipped with automatic guidance devices such as electromagnetic or optical. It can drive along a prescribed guidance path. In practice, the main use is transportation. Since Amazon acquired Kiva in 2014 and adopted a large number of mobile robots, domestic companies have followed suit, and the Chinese AGV market has rapidly developed.
AGV is a hardware component of AGVS (Automated Guided Vehicle System) warehouse robot system. AGVS mainly consists of three parts : AGV, guidance device (fixed channel, semi-fixed channel, no channel, etc.), control system (computer control, remote control, manual device, etc.). By docking with the relevant management system in the warehouse, the operation tasks in the warehouse are completed.
AGV components: battery, load handling device, safety device (emergency stop button, lidar, safety PLC, safety speed template), drive device, control device, (command analysis, wireless communication, navigation data processing, image processing, obstacles Detection, speed, steering control, power supply, charging control).
The basic requirements of AGV operation: safety of equipment, charging, operation, etc .; emergency stop control, stability of continuous operation, accuracy of navigation and positioning, signal identification.
Warehousing robots can be divided into the following four categories based on the degree of integration of control methods:
One is direct control by the operator, such as conventional forklifts, etc .;
The second is the remote control of the operator, such as the manipulator;
The third is automatic control, booking path, such as AGVS;
The fourth is automatic control, without pre-routing, such as autonomous mobile robots.