①Car body: It is composed of the frame and the corresponding mechanical devices. It is the basic part of the AGV and also the installation basis of other assembly components.
② Power storage and charging device: It is composed of a charging station and an automatic charger. AGV can complete automatic online charging. It is centrally managed by a central control system to achieve 24-hour continuous production.
③ Driving device: It is composed of wheels, reducer, brake, driving motor and speed controller. It is a device that controls the normal operation of AGV. The running instruction is issued by computer or manual control. The adjustment of the running speed, direction and braking is controlled by the computer. For safety, the braking device is realized by mechanical braking when the power is off.
④ Guidance device: Accept the direction information of the guidance system to ensure that the AGV car travels along the correct path.
⑤Communication device: realize the information exchange between AGV and console and monitoring equipment.
⑥ Safety and auxiliary devices: In order to avoid AGV collisions when the system fails or someone passes the AGV working route, the AGV generally has obstacle detection and collision avoidance, siren, police, emergency stop and other devices.
⑦Transfer device: A device that makes direct contact with the cargo being carried to realize the cargo transfer. Under different tasks and site conditions, different transfer systems can be selected. Commonly used are raceway type, forklift type, and robotic type.
⑧Central control system: It consists of computer, task acquisition system, alarm system and related software. It is mainly divided into ground (upper) control system and vehicle (lower) control system. Among them, the ground control system refers to the fixed equipment of the AGV system, which is mainly responsible for task allocation, vehicle scheduling, path (line) management, traffic management, automatic charging and other functions ; After receiving the instruction from the higher-level system, the vehicle-mounted control system is responsible for the functions of navigation calculation, guidance implementation, vehicle walking, loading and unloading operations of AGV.